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On India,China and Rest of World-PART I

I follow world history with considerable interest , especially related to India, China and rest of the world. If you ask me, the current state of world affairs, especially related to these countries is almost similar to the natural order that existed for most part of the human history. For comparison purpose, lets pick the late 15th to 18th centuries and compare it to the present day.

China is as inaccessible today as it was during the 16th and 17th centuries to the foreigners. Trade to Chinese empire could be conducted by the foreigners only at one port under the watchful eyes of empire's administrators.More or less like today where trade is controlled very tightly by the Chinese government. In fact Modern Chinese initiatives like the "One Belt One Road", "Belt and Road Initiative", have a number of things in common with the medieval enterprise and voyage undertaken by the chinese admiral "Zheng He". They both were intended to show Chinese Upmanship and domination over world nations at the expense of the other countries. Any initiative involving different countries becomes notable only when both the parties feel ownership for it. Otherwise, if it is a single party show, it fizzles away with a whimper. No wonder, Zheng He's voyage is well known only in china.

India on the other hand,was a cacophony of multitude of voices controlled loosely by a central political authority, just like today. It was usually open freely for trade in India subject to conditions. Chiefly, trade used to happen with the permission of the local kings and chieftains, as is wont to happen today under the control of the state governments of India. The interesting thing to note here is that just as today, China and India , ran a trade surplus with most of the trading countries. This led to the other countries selling their precious metals, gold and silver to finance trade, which invariably ended up with China and India becoming the richest countries in the world. So how did the situation reverse with riches being drained away from China and India?

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Secret of Happiness

To respect people, not for what they are,
but for what I am.
To fight against dislikes and bias,not in the world
but in my thoughts.
To give love unconditionally, not to free my beloved,
but to free me rather.
To hear anyone and everyone, not because they need an ear,
but because I need to hear.
To speak and write, not because others might like to read,
but because I will read.
To be disciplined and answerable, not to the society,
but to me,the living

In all these lie the secret to happy living

On India,China and Rest of World-PART II

India and China were the economic power houses of the medieval period. In fact , if we travel back into the past, we will find that the world of today is surprisingly similar to the ancient world, as explained in this post. So how did the situation reverse in the later centuries?How did the two countries became so poor in the later centuries? To answer this question, we need to travel to 16th century in time and  to a small region in Europe known as Holland.  Holland mind you, was not a country then, but a collection of city states who came under a rather crude constitution. If you peruse the history of world, you will notice that sometimes an idea germinates in one small region but ends up changing the entire face of humanity. Wheel, fire, language and so on.. come to my mind from the ancient time. An equally important idea seeded in Holland. For, in Holland of the medieval times, the seeds of what we now call as the modern economy, were sown. The idea of a highly skilled worker, th…